Find out more about Depression

Studies have shown that more and more individuals are becoming victims of bigger problems that begin as a result of depression. These include heart problems, mental disorders and sometimes people could even get suicidal due to depression. This problem does not know age or gender. People of all ages go through depression, but it is more common to people of older ages particularly in women. But do you really understand what depression is? Can you tell the signs and symptoms of this risky problem? We are going to take you through brief but conclusive information that will help you to know and understand better about this issue so that you can tell when one is depressed for you to take the right measures before it is too late.

So what is depression?

Depression is a debilitating disorder affecting one’s mood. This mood disorder causes significant impact on the brain. The onset of depression is usually brought about by several factors that affect the brain chemistry. Stress, some medical conditions, changes in the levels of certain hormones, grief, and genetics, are some of the things that can affect the chemistry of the brain. Any of those factors or all of them can quickly alter the normal brain chemistry leading to depression. This could be through e.g. loss of a loved one, drastic changes in working environment/conditions, other medical conditions, etc.

Depression can be categorized into different types depending on how they are affecting an individual. Some of the common types of depression are bipolar depression, major depression, dysthymia & chronic depression, psychotic depression and seasonal affective depression. Although there are many types of depression, they mostly share common symptoms and almost have the same outcome if they are not well treated in time.

Signs and symptoms of depression

Irritability or angerfake_smile

Individuals with depression are short-tempered with very low levels of tolerance. They get angry very fast becoming violent, restless and agitated.

Weight or appetite changes

Depressed people are likely to have a very drastic change in body weight or/and appetite. They can either gain or loss as much as 5% of their weight within a month.

Feeling hopeless and helpless

People under depression will always seem like they have nothing to look forward to. They feel like nothing will ever get better, and they cannot do anything to change that. They also feel like no one can help them with their condition.


Depression will make one feel guilty even for things that they cannot control. They think everything bad is happening because of them and begin to feel worthless to themselves.

Sleep changes

A depressed person’s sleep pattern is usually inconsistent and very unhealthy. They can either experience insomnia or be oversleeping.

Reckless behavior

Depression will make one feel like they no longer have anything to lose. This makes them start exposing themselves to unnecessary, dangerous behaviors like excessive gambling, reckless riding/driving, etc. because they don’t see themselves worthy anymore.

Concentration problems

With depression, trying to focus on one thing becomes tough. You will always seem to be distant in thoughts, which tends to cause you to make bad decisions. You may also have a problem remembering things.

Loss of interests

Things that used to be very enjoyable to you before will no longer look appealing to you. You could find yourself losing interest with your hobbies and pets.


Treatments of depression are varied depending on the type and the symptoms that one is having. You could have sessions with a professional psychotherapy, and be prescribed various medications for your specific problem. Lifestyle changes with more physical activities, healthy eating and sleeping habits are well known to assist in relieving the symptoms of depression.