Infertility can affect anyone. There are many taboos all around the world about people with infertility, and none of them are true. Infertility is a health condition that can happen due to any number of reasons. The vast majority of infertility in men is related to the sperm cells. However, these are not the only reasons men can be infertile. There are other reasons out there; some of which are rare, but still do exist. Let us now take a look at some of the causes of male infertility.
Issues related with a man’s sperm can come about because of a number of different things. Some issues result from the effects of diseases, others from birth defects, others from exposure to certain substances, and others from the man’s lifestyle. There are other abnormalities with sperm that are unknown. The typical issues with sperm include: oligospermia (low sperm count), asthenospermia (meagre sperm motility) and teratospermia (anomalous sperm morphology).
This refers to the situation where the muscles in the man’s bladder malfunction and the sperm goes backward rather that forward during ejaculation. This also blights the quality of sperm. Retrograde ejaculation may be a result of diseases like diabetes, injury or surgery to the spinal cord, surgery to the prostate or bladder, age, and medication (such as alpha blockers).
Any aberration or abnormality at the structural level can cause damage to a man’s reproductive system and hence negatively impact his fertility. Some of these abnormalities include hypospadias, cryptorchidism, and blockages in the sperm-transporting tubes.
There are some deficiencies with the hormones that can cause male infertility. One of these is hypogonadism. This is the deficiency of the hormone that releases gonadotropin, which is essential in the release of reproductive hormones such as testosterone. Low testosterone is never a good thing for sperm production.
There are some inherent disorders that can be detrimental to male fertility. These include cystic fibrosis, Klinefelter syndrome, polycystic kidney disease, Kartagener syndrome, etc.
Any of these factors can cause infertility in men. It is vital for a man to know if he has any of these conditions so that he can get them corrected before they negatively affect his fertility. Some of these issues can be corrected over time and others, such as ageing, cannot. We all have to age and sometimes fertility is but one of the casualties of this process.
Risk factors of male infertility include: varicocele, sexually transmitted diseases, age, environmental issues, lifestyle issues, and medical conditions.